LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) surgery is a type of refractive surgery used to correct vision problems like nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. It's a popular procedure that has helped millions of people around the world achieve better vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses. In this blog post, we'll take a closer look at LASIK surgery, how it works, and what you can expect if you're considering this procedure.
How LASIK Surgery Works
LASIK surgery works by reshaping the cornea, the clear, outermost layer of the eye. During the procedure, a surgeon creates a thin, hinged flap in the cornea using a microkeratome or femtosecond laser. They then fold back the flap to expose the underlying cornea and use an excimer laser to remove some of the corneal tissue. This reshapes the cornea, allowing light to enter the eye more accurately, which can improve vision.
After reshaping the cornea, the surgeon replaces the flap, which adheres to the underlying cornea without the need for stitches. The entire procedure usually takes about 30 minutes, and most people experience minimal discomfort. You'll be awake during the surgery, but your eyes will be numbed with eye drops to prevent pain.
What to Expect During LASIK Surgery
Before the surgery, your eye doctor will perform a thorough eye exam to determine if you're a good candidate for LASIK. They'll also take measurements of your cornea and use computer imaging to create a detailed map of your eye. This information is used to guide the excimer laser during the procedure.
On the day of the surgery, you'll be asked to lie down on a reclining chair, and the surgeon will position the laser over your eye. You'll be asked to look at a target light while the surgeon creates the corneal flap and uses the excimer laser to reshape your cornea. You may feel some pressure or discomfort during the procedure, but it typically only lasts for a few seconds.
After the procedure, you'll be given eye drops to reduce inflammation and prevent infection. You'll also be given a protective shield to wear over your eye to prevent you from accidentally rubbing or touching it. You'll need someone to drive you home after the surgery, as your vision may be blurry for a few hours.
Recovery After LASIK Surgery
Most people experience improved vision immediately after LASIK surgery, although it may take a few days for your vision to stabilize. You may experience some mild discomfort, dryness, or itching in your eye for a few days after the surgery, but this usually goes away on its own.
It's important to follow your doctor's instructions carefully after LASIK surgery to ensure proper healing. You should avoid rubbing your eyes or getting water in them for at least a week after the surgery. You should also avoid swimming, hot tubs, and other activities that may expose your eyes to bacteria or irritants.
Most people are able to return to work and normal activities within a few days of the surgery, but you may need to avoid strenuous exercise and contact sports for a few weeks. You'll also need to attend follow-up appointments with your eye doctor to monitor your progress and ensure that your eyes are healing properly.
LASIK surgery is a safe and effective way to correct vision problems and reduce your dependence on glasses or contact lenses. If you're considering LASIK surgery, it's important to find a qualified eye surgeon with experience performing this procedure. Your eye doctor can help you determine if LASIK is right for you and answer any questions you may have about the procedure. With proper care and follow-up, LASIK can provide long-lasting vision correction and improve your quality of life.
*content generated by AI