Treatment of Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis

 

Introduction 1
Conjunctivitis is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eyeball. This condition presents most commonly in emergency departments and primary care centers.  It can affect people of any age or region. It is usually self-limiting but should be assessed thoroughly. 
Conjunctivitis may be acute (lasts only a week or two) or chronic (lasting more than 4 weeks) depending upon the duration of symptoms. It can lead to irritation but does not commonly affect vision. Early diagnosis and treatment help to limit the transmission of disease. 
What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of Conjunctivitis? 1
Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of redness and discharge from the eyes. It can be categorized into the following depending upon etiology:
The common risk factors for developing conjunctivitis are:
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Conjunctivitis? 2
Its signs and symptoms are:
Diagnosis Of Conjunctivitis
The diagnosis of conjunctivitis is mainly based on history and physical examination by an ophthalmologist. The bacterial, viral, or allergic causes can be ruled out by a systematic approach of history and examination. The following questions may be asked by an ophthalmologist:
He or she may examine the eyes to rule out other conditions and look at the following:
Blood tests and cultures are not usually performed and reserved for severe, recurrent, or treatment-resistant cases. 

 

Treatment Of  Conjunctivitis 1 2
The treatment of conjunctivitis is targeted at stopping its transmission and patient education. 
Prevention of Conjunctivitis 3
Conjunctivitis is an easily treatable and preventable disease of the eye. Its complications are rare. Infectious conjunctivitis spreads from person to person and its spread can be reduced by the following measures:
References
  1. NCBI - WWW Error Blocked Diagnostic. (n.d.-b). NCBI. Retrieved April 7, 2022, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK541034/
  2. Conjunctivitis: What Is Pink Eye? (2022, January 6). American Academy of Ophthalmology. Retrieved April 7, 2022, from https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/pink-eye-conjunctivitis
  3. Roth, E. (2022, February 17). What You Need to Know About Conjunctivitis. Healthline. Retrieved April 7, 2022, from https://www.healthline.com/health/conjunctivitis#treatment
Author
Eye Surgeons Associates Drs. Meiraj A. Siddiqui, Zuhair H. Peracha, Manal H. Peracha-Riyaz, Eric Zuckerman and Leila Siblani are dedicated to excellence in eye care and service. We utilize the latest treatment methods and procedures, including routine eye care, cataract surgery, glaucoma treatment, retinal disease management, diabetic eye treatment, and eyelid surgery.

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